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Year : 1991
Tome : 142
Volume : 7
Pages : 545-551
Title : Nairobi sheep disease.
Authors : D.P. PICAVET
Summary : The Nairobi sheep disease is caused by an arbovirus (Family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus), which is specific of small ruminants. Sheep is more sensitive than goats. It is characterized, in its most serious forms, by a febrile and hemorragic gastro-enteritis, which may be quickly lethal. The viral transmission is mainly due to a tick vector (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus). The disease spreads, in endo-epizootic conditions, in central and eastern Africa, where it produces serious economic losses and a threat for the livestock of the neighbouring regions. The NSD has been added to the French list of Contagious Reputed Diseases by Decree of June 17th 1986 under the name " Maladie de Nairobi dans les espèces ovine et caprine ".
Keywords : Nairobi disease - Nairovirus - review - sheep - goat.
Correspondence : D.P. PICAVET
Adress : Département de pathologie infectieuse et parasitaire, ENVT, 23, chemin des capelles, F-31076 Toulouse cedex

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