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Year : 1993
Tome : 144
Volume : 2
Pages : 93-98
Title : C.A.E.V. : a review and practical applications.
Authors : G. PERETZ, J. ASSO et P. DEVILLECHAISE.
Summary : Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus, a lentiretrovirus, induces arthritis and mastitis on adult goats and rarely encephalomyelitis on kids from two to four months old. Contamination occur by transmission of infected monocytes or macrophages. Mainly colostrum, milk, and blood are virulent materials. Diagnosis is first based on clinical examination and epidemiological inquiry and then confirmed by flock serological examination. Fight against C.A.E. is based on sanitary prophylaxis principles: colostrum substitute and artificial milk are used in order to limit vertical transmission ; separation of lots, organization of the milking and all classical hygienic measures are applied to reduce horizontal transmission.
Keywords : C.A.E.V. - review - retrovirus - arthritis - epidemiology - prophylaxis - goat.
Correspondence : G. PERETZ
Adress : Centre d'écopathologie animale, 26, rue de la Baisse, F-69100 Villeurbanne.

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