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Year : 2010
Tome : 161
Volume : 10
Pages : 428-431
Title : Detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dolphins stranded along the Tuscan coast, Italy
Authors : C. PRETTI, F. MANCIANTI, S. NARDONI, G.ARITI, MONNI G., D. DI BELLO, S. MARSILI, R. PAPINI
Summary : The rate of Toxoplasma gondii infection was surveyed in 8 bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and 6 striped dolphins (Stenella coeruloalba) stranded along the coast of Tuscany. Specimens of brain (n=13), liver (n=8), muscle (n=2), and whole blood (n=4) were examined by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the B1 gene of T. gondii in different tissues (n=10) or by a modified agglutination test in combination with nested PCR (n=4). Overall, Toxoplasma infection was detected in 13 of 14 (93%) dolphins (in 10 by nested-PCR, in 2 by MAT, and in 1 by both). These results suggest that the level of T. gondii infection among dolphins in the marine area of Tuscany is high.
Keywords : Toxoplasma gondii, dolphins, Italy
Correspondence : R. PAPINI
Adress : Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi ed Igiene degli Alimenti, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, ITALY. Corresponding author: rpapini@vet.unipi.it
Link : pdf

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