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Year : 2017
Tome : 168
Volume : 10-12
Pages : 247-251
Title : Serologic survey for canine distemper virus in freeranging wild canids in the northeast of Iran
Authors : M.H. SALJOOGHIAN ISFAHANI, A. ROSTAMI, A.R. BAHONAR, A. BARIN, I. MEMARIAN
Summary : Following reports representing wildlife infection and massive mortality of Caspian mammals by Canine Distemper Virus (CDV), this research conducted to investigate the prevalence of antibodies reactive to CDV in free-ranging wild canids in the north eastern part of Iran. For this purpose, 60 common foxes, 22 wolves and 18 golden jackals, from Semnan and Khorasan province, included in the present study. Then serum antibody titers for CDV were measured by the mean of the virus neutralization method. Overall prevalence of antibody to CDV was 42% in these three species. It was determined that the antibody titers of positive sera were ranged between 1/4 and 1/64. There were no correlations between the presence of CDV neutralizing antibodies and age, gender and the region of sampling but the statistical analysis revealed a significant difference among foxes and the other groups in CDV neutralizing antibodies (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the results of this serologic study demonstrated that CDV is present in the wild canids' populations in the northeast of Iran and there are many opportunities for CDV to be transmitted from dogs to other wild Canids and endangered Felids. These results can also be useful for further epizootiology and phylogenetic analysis of this virus in wild Canids' populations.
Keywords : Canine distemper virus (CDV), Common fox, Golden jackal, Iran, Neutralizing antibody, Wild canids, Wolf
Correspondence : A. ROSTAMI
Adress : Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. arostami@ut.ac.ir
Link : pdf

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