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Year : 2017
Tome : 168
Volume : 10-12
Pages : 229-234
Title : Prevalence and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium spp. in diarrhoeic pre-weaned goat kids reared under traditional farming system in Diyarbak?r, Southeastern Anatolia City, Turkey
Authors : D. N. SAYIN IPEK
Summary : Cryptosporidium is an enteropathogenic protozoan that causes diarrhoea in humans and various domestic animals, worldwide. Faecal samples were collected for up to one month from 112 diarrhoeic goat kids on 12 traditional hair goat farms to assess the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in Diyarbak?r, Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. These samples were evaluated using direct immunofluorescent antibody technique. Cryptosporidium oocysts were found in 76 of 112 (67.9%) samples, with an average of 44,059 oocysts per gram feces (opg) for Cryptosporidium. PCR products of SSU rRNA locus were isolated from all samples in which Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected. On the basis of these results, molecular analysis was conducted to identify the predominant pathogenic species. Two principle species were identified, including Cryptosporidium parvum (96.1%) and C. xiaoi (3.9%). Furthermore, four subtypes were found to have zoonotic potential, as revealed by sequence analysis of the 60 kDa glycoprotein (gp60) gene obtained from C. parvum isolates. Furthermore, our findings show that goat kids are an excellent host for zoonotic C. parvum and its subtypes.
Keywords : Diarrhoeic goat kids, Cryptosporidium, species, subtypes, Turkey
Correspondence : D. N. SAYIN IPEK
Adress : University of Dicle, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Parasitology, Diyarbak?r, Turkey. dnsayin@hotmail.com
Link : pdf

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