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Year : 2017
Tome : 168
Volume : 1-3
Pages : 63-71
Title : Major health constraints and ethno-veterinary practices of small scale and backyard chicken production in some selected regions of Ethiopia
Authors : A. MESKEREM
Summary : This study was conducted with the aim of assessing major health constraints facing the small scale and backyard chicken producers and ethno-vet practices exercised in 5 regions of the country: Amhara (Debre Brehan and Kombolcha zones), Benishangul Gumuz (Assosa zone), Oromia (Haromaya and Jimma zones), Southern region (Hawassa zuria and Yergalem zones) and Tigray (Mekele zone). A total of 162 household respondents involved in small scale and backyard chicken production (20 households in each zone) were purposively selected and interviewed. Data were collected through pre-testing, semi-structural questionnaires and field observation. The overall frequency of diseases reported as the main health constraint affecting chicken production in the study areas were, Newcastle disease (64%), followed by gastro intestinal infection (34%), respiratory syndrome (22%), internal and external parasites (16%), coccidiosis (15%) and fowl pox (5%). Newcastle disease is the most severe infectious disease reported. Majority of village chicken household respondents had no awareness how to manage village chicken diseases (91.5%) and their flocks were not vaccinated (84%). High disease occurrence reported in long rainy season (59%). Ethnovet practice was experienced by the majority of the interviewed households (51.9%). A total of 19 medicinal plants were reported as being used locally for the treatment of various chicken diseases as a traditional medicine. The main causes of losses were identified as disease (67%) and predator attack (32%). Poor disease prevention and control and the lack of knowledge, management skills and provision of feed, water and, housing, were the major constraints of poultry production in the study areas. Research and extension efforts should be directed at the identified constraints. In order to reduce those constraints and to increase rural family chicken production, farmers training, improvement of veterinary services and introduction of improved vaccines are important.
Keywords : Chicken, Constraints, Ethno-Vet Practices, Small-scale, Backyard
Correspondence : A. MESKEREM
Adress : Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. mesku12345@yahoo.com
Link : pdf

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