Website for the Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire

Detail of the article

[Back]

For articles published from January, 2000, you can reach the complete article as a pdf file by clicking on "pdf " in the column "Links" of the table.

Year : 2002
Tome : 153
Volume : 6
Pages : 395-400
Title : Influence of Trypanosoma congolense infection on some haematological and serum biochemical parameters in sahelian goats.
Authors : G. NDOUTAMIA, R.N. MBAKASSE, A. BRAHIM et A. KHADIDJA
Summary : Forty (40) sahelian goats whose haemoglobin types had been determined, were experimentally infected, each one with 106 trypanosomes (Trypa-nosome congolense IL 1180 stock savanna type). Clinical signs, body weight, haematological and serum biochemical parameters were recorded over 6 months. The sahelian goats were highly susceptible to the infection. They developed an acute disease which is lethal within 4 weeks. The prepatent period was approximately 7 days. During the acute phase of the disease, the animals displayed lack of appetite, pale ocular membranes, watering eyes, staggering movements and occasional diarrhea. The haematocrit droped from 38.68 % to 25.72 % and often reached the critical point of 15 %. At that threshold the animals were unable to stand up and died unless a trypanocide treatment was applied. The T.congolense trypanosomiasis evolution was associated at different levels with significant changes in haematological and serum biochemical parameters. The disease was mainly characterised by the decrease of the red blood cells, haemoglobin, albumin, cholesterol, glycemia and the raise of the white blood cells, serum iron, calcium, bilirubines and urea. The most vulnerable enzymes were the transaminases whose activity varied considerably during all the experimental period.
Keywords : Trypanosomiasis - haematological parameters - goats - Tchad.
Correspondence : G. NDOUTAMIA
Adress : Laboratoire de Recherches Vétérinaires et Zootechniques de Farcha, B.P. 433, Ndjaména, Tchad Tél. 527475/6 Fax 527476
Link : pdf

[Back]