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Year : 2011
Tome : 162
Volume : 12
Pages : 613-620
Title : Management of distal humeral fractures in dogs with unilateral semicircular external skeletal fixators: prospective clinical trial and results in twelve cases
Authors : C. YARDIMCI, A. OZAK AND H.O. NISBET
Summary : The aim of the present study is to present an alternative technique for the treatment of distal humeral fractures in young or small breed dogs, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the technique. 12 dogs of varying breeds, age, and sex with 9 supracondylar and 3 intracondylar humeral fractures were used in this study. A semicircular external skeletal fixation system was used for the fixation of the distal humeral fractures by open reduction. Configura- tion of the system, complications, time to limb usage, fixator removal time, and functional outcomes were evaluated clinically and radiographically. Cli- nical lameness score and evidence of pathologic changes in the elbow joints were evaluated at the final follow up examinations. All fractures obtained ra- diographic union. Three of the dogs started to use their limbs immediately after waking up from anesthesia. In the other 9 dogs the time ranged from 2 to 7 days. The most common complication was pin tract discharge during the convalescence period. (Time to fixator removal) ranged from 30 to 48 days (mean 37 days). At the final clinical examination, there was no observable lameness in 9 dogs while intermittent, mild weight-bearing lameness was ob- served in 3 dogs. As a result the technique has been found to be an alternative method to use in fixation of the distal humeral fractures in young or small breed dogs.
Keywords : Carbon-fibre, dog, external skeletal fixation, humerus
Correspondence : C. YARDIMCI
Adress : Department of Surgery Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139, Kurupelit, Samsun, TURKEY - Corresponding author: cyardimci@omu.edu.tr or cenkyardimci@yahoo.com
Link : pdf

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